Archibald Joseph Cronin, MBChB, MD, DPH, MRCP (19 July 1896 – 6 January 1981) was a Scottish novelist and physician.
His best-known novel was The Citadel, about a doctor in a Welsh mining village who quickly moves up the career ladder in London. Cronin had observed this scene closely as a Medical Inspector of Mines and later as a doctor in Harley Street.
About the Writing
The Citadel, a tale of a mining company doctor’s struggle to balance scientific integrity with social obligations and another popular mining novel, set in the North East of England, The Stars Look Down, were both adapted for film, as were Hatter’s Castle, The Keys of the Kingdom and The Green Years. Cronin’s novella Country Doctor was adapted for a long-running BBC radio and TV series Dr. Finlay’s Casebook, revived many years later.
Did You Know?..
The Citadel promoted controversial new ideas about medical ethics which largely inspired the launch of the National Health Service.
The author quickly made enemies in the medical profession, and there was a concerted effort by one group of specialists to get The Citadel banned.