Posted in Know Your History

Know Your History – 19th July – AJ Cronin born

know your history - writingOn this day… 19th July, 1896 – A J Cronin born.

Archibald Joseph Cronin, MBChB, MD, DPH, MRCP (19 July 1896 – 6 January 1981) was a Scottish novelist and physician.

His best-known novel was The Citadel, about a doctor in a Welsh mining village who quickly moves up the career ladder in London. Cronin had observed this scene closely as a Medical Inspector of Mines and later as a doctor in Harley Street.

About the Writing

The Citadel, a tale of a mining company doctor’s struggle to balance scientific integrity with social obligations and another aj croninpopular mining novel, set in the North East of England, The Stars Look Down, were both adapted for film, as were Hatter’s Castle, The Keys of the Kingdom and The Green Years. Cronin’s novella Country Doctor was adapted for a long-running BBC radio and TV series Dr. Finlay’s Casebook, revived many years later.

Did You Know?..

The Citadel promoted controversial new ideas about medical ethics which largely inspired the launch of the National Health Service.

The author quickly made enemies in the medical profession, and there was a concerted effort by one group of specialists to get The Citadel banned.


KL Caley specializes in writing fictional short stories. She recently embarked on the adventure of writing a historical fiction novel (coming soon).

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