On this day… 12th June, 1929 – Anne Frank born
Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank was a diarist and writer. She is one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her wartime diary The Diary of a Young Girl has been the basis for several plays and films.
Anne Frank wrote her diary in a notebook given to her by her father for her 13th birthday (it was actually an autograph book) during the time she and her family lived in the attic hideaway. She even edited parts of it in the hopes that it might someday be published, according to the website for the Anne Frank Museum. After the family was arrested, it was found and kept by a friend of the family, awaiting Anne’s return. It was eventually published thanks to her father, the only member of the immediate family to have survived, in June 1947.
Did You Know?..
In nearly every published version of Anne Frank’s diary, each diary entry begins with “Dear Kitty.” However, this was not always true in Anne’s original written diary.
In Anne’s first, red-and-white-checkered notebook, Anne sometimes wrote to other names such as “Pop,” “Phien,” “Emmy,” “Marianne,” “Jetty,” “Loutje,” “Conny,” and “Jackie.” These names appeared on entries dating from September 25, 1942 until November 13, 1942. It is believed that Anne took these names from characters found in a series of popular Dutch books written by Cissy van Marxveldt which featured a strong-willed heroine, Joop ter Heul. Another character in these books, Kitty Francken, is believed to have been the inspiration for the “Dear Kitty” on most of Anne’s diary entries.
For a few more unusual facts you may not know visit http://history1900s.about.com/od/annefrank/a/5AnneFrank.htm